The centre plate arrangement out of the way, it was time to plan the rest of the interior, so starting from the bow
(I use the word we because my wife at the time "June" had a big input in the planning of the accommodation) we
decided on a V berth up forward with a water tank under. This tank for the shower would be built in fibre glass,
and would double as a forward collision bulk head; this would also add considerable strength to the bow. There was
just enough space to starboard to fit in a toilet and shower and the space to port ideal for a hanging locker.
A Sampson post on the bulkhead would take the mast compression and also be able to take the load of the hydraulic
ram; the plate case would be supported by the bulk head.
At this point I drew up a trial sail plan to check the balance between the centre of effort from the sails and
the centre of lateral resistance with the plate and rudder down. At first the rig plan was too far aft, as
normally the centre of effort should be about 10% of the water line length ahead of the centre of the CLR.
I didn't want to move the centre case aft as it was ideally placed where it was supported by the bulk head,
and the lifting ram could only be attached to the Sampson post, so these positions were fixed. The only
solution was to set the mast upright rather than have the usual rake aft and to reduce the foot length of the
main sail. A slightly smaller rudder also helped as 25% of the rudder size is also taken in to account in calculating
the CLR position.
Why use a three quarter rig? Because a mast head rig necessitates a big head sail, and big head sails are a
devil of a thing to handle in windy conditions. Also to a degree, the mainsail shape can be controlled
with a back stay, the more tension the more the sail is flattened. This reduces the power in the sail and
so lessens the weather helm and heeling effect.
Why does the centre of effort have to lead the centre of lateral resistance by some 10% ?
If the lead distance was increased, the boat would have a lee helm and that can be very dangerous.
If the lead distance was decreased, the helm would be so heavy as to make the boat unmanageable.